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Definitions and Epidemiology of Epilepsy 

Definitions and Epidemiology of Epilepsy
Chapter:
Definitions and Epidemiology of Epilepsy
Author(s):

Shichuo Li

, Ding Ding

, and Jianzhong Wu

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199659043.003.0005
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date: 17 January 2020

Worldwide, an estimated 50 million people have epilepsy. Around 85% of people with epilepsy live in developing countries. There are two million new cases occurring in the world every year. Up to 70% of people with epilepsy could lead normal lives if properly treated, but for an overwhelming majority of patients this is not the case. Overall, epilepsy contributed more than seven million Disability adjusted life years (DALYs) (0.5%) to the global burden of disease in 2000. Among neurological disorders, more than half of the burden in DALYs is contributed by cerebrovascular disease. Epilepsy contributed approximately 8% of the burden, following Alzheimer and other dementias (12%) and Migraine (8.3%). It is apparent that close to 90% of the worldwide burden of epilepsy is to be found in developing regions, with more than half occurring in the 39% of the global population living in countries with the highest levels of premature mortality and lowest levels of income.

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