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Chronic venous insufficiency 

Chronic venous insufficiency
Chronic venous insufficiency

Katy Darvall

and Andrew W. Bradbury

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date: 05 July 2020

Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a condition affecting the lower limb venous system and is associated with various cutaneous pathologies secondary to venous hypertension. CVD can be taken to include a spectrum of disease ranging from spider veins (telangiectases) and reticular veins to ulcer formation. Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a term often reserved for the more advanced manifestations of CVD including skin pigmentation, venous (varicose) eczema, lipodermatosclerosis, atrophie blanche, and healed or active ulceration.

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