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Technical and clinical aspects of surgery for endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysms 

Technical and clinical aspects of surgery for endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysms
Chapter:
Technical and clinical aspects of surgery for endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysms
Author(s):

Christos Lioupis

, Rachel E. Clough

, Tom W. Carrell

, and Peter R. Taylor

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199658220.003.0058
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date: 18 October 2019

Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a condition affecting the lower limb venous system and is associated with various cutaneous pathologies secondary to venous hypertension. CVD can be taken to include a spectrum of disease ranging from spider veins (telangiectases) and reticular veins to ulcer formation. Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a term often reserved for the more advanced manifestations of CVD including skin pigmentation, venous (varicose) eczema, lipodermatosclerosis, atrophie blanche, and healed or active ulceration.

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