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Carotid body tumours 

Carotid body tumours
Carotid body tumours

Ross Milner

and Trissa Babrowski

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date: 14 July 2020

Carotid body tumors are extraordinarily rare, accounting for 0.6% of all head and neck neoplasms, but representing 65% of all head and neck paraganglioms. A highly vascular tumor which is usually benign, it can be found sporadically or inherited in a familial pattern. Therapeutic options for carotid body tumors include observation, surgery, and radiation therapy. Surgical excision is the mainstay treatment although it is associated with high rates of morbidity depending on the Shamblin classification of the tumor. Cranial nerve injury is often a result of resection; fortunately, the majority of these are temporary paresis which resolve by the 1-year time point. This chapter discusses carotid body tumors, including epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathology, clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, classification, surgical treatment, and results of surgery.

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