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Epidemiology and aetiology of stroke 

Epidemiology and aetiology of stroke
Epidemiology and aetiology of stroke

Fiona Kennedy

and Martin M. Brown

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date: 05 July 2020

Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the UK. Around 110,000 strokes occur in England every year. Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide, and the third most common cause of death in the developed countries, exceeded only by coronary heart disease and cancer. It is the second leading cause of death above the age of 60 years, and the fifth leading cause in people aged 15 to 59 years. Stroke is the main cause of long-term neurological disability in adults. Other consequences of stroke include depression, dementia, epilepsy, and falls. The socioeconomic impact of stroke is considerable worldwide. The burden of stroke is estimated to increase in the years ahead because of the rapid rise in the elderly population in both the developed and developing world. Stroke has numerous causes, but various risk factors can be targeted to reduce its incidence.

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