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Narcolepsy: still sleepy on CPAP 

Narcolepsy: still sleepy on CPAP
Chapter:
Narcolepsy: still sleepy on CPAP
Author(s):

Dave Walder

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199657742.003.0011
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date: 26 May 2019

Sleep disorders are an increasingly common reason for referral to the respiratory clinic, and our understanding of the different aetiologies is increasing. The commonest sleep disorder is sleep apnoea, but other sleep disorders can cause similar symptoms. Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the brain’s ability to regulate the normal sleep-wake cycle and often presents with similar symptoms to obstructive sleep apnoea, daytime hypersomnolence, and disturbed night-time sleeping but is largely underdiagnosed. This chapter discusses a patient who presented with symptoms of daytime somnolence and witnessed apnoeas and details the investigations required for a diagnosis of narcolepsy. It covers the more specialized sleep studies required for a clinical diagnosis and the treatment options available for patients with this condition.

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