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Principles of oncology 

Principles of oncology
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date: 22 August 2019

Cancer surgery remains the cornerstone of curative cancer treatment for most solid cancers. Staging, resectability and timing of surgery should be discussed in a multidisciplinary team. Complete resection offers the best prognosis at many stages. Anatomical planes of surgery need to be taught and respected to reduce locoregional recurrence rate. Age, comorbidities, and patient preferences are important to consider before surgical treatment is advised. Minimal invasive techniques have shown equivalence in oncologic outcome for certain cancer types and established benefits in short-term outcomes. A laparoscopic approach is even sometimes possible. It remains important to select patients for these techniques according to medical history, staging, and fitness. In specialized centres locally advanced disease can be treated by a multimodal approach. The quality of surgery can be improved using standardized audit structures to monitor and feed back on outcome of surgery such as resected margins, infectious complications, and disease-free and overall survival.

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