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Endocrine cancers 

Endocrine cancers
Endocrine cancers

Andrew Weaver

, Anthony P. Weetman

, Oliver Gimm

, Ashley Grossman

, Petra Sulentic

, Bertram Wiedenmann

, Ursula Plöckinger

, Ulrich-Frank Pape

, John Wass

, Angela Rogers

, and Wouter de Herder


March 29, 2019: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 08 July 2020

This chapter covers endocrine cancers, including typical thyroid cancer as well as medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Adrenal tumours, associated with Cushing's syndrome, and Conn's syndrome, associated with pituitary tumours, are discussed in detail. It includes information on epidemiology, clinical features, pathology, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and prognosis. It also covers special problems in pregnancy. Special attention is made to merging techniques in molecular oncology, which have led to biomarker-driven therapy of thyroid and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours with biologic agents. For pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours, special attention is made to new imaging techniques and therapy for patients with syndrome associated with peptide hormone release.

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