Show Summary Details
Page of

Issues in populations with non-cancer illnesses 

Issues in populations with non-cancer illnesses
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 May 2021

In less than two decades, AIDS has been transformed from a rapidly fatal, untreatable illness to a manageable chronic disease. Early in the AIDS epidemic, HIV care and palliative care were inseparable; over time, these two treatment paradigms diverged. In the developed world, and to a lesser but increasing extent in the developing world, decreasing mortality rates have resulted in growing numbers of HIV-infected patients living with the disease for many years. As this long-surviving population increases, the challenges of chronic disease management, an expanding range of co-morbidities, and a process that has been described as ‘accelerated ageing’, have all emerged to present new needs and opportunities for palliative care expertise. Earlier in the epidemic, palliative care for AIDS focused primarily on end-of-life care and pain and symptom management related to the manifestations of AIDS-specific opportunistic infections and malignancies. Currently, pain and symptoms may be related to these as well as other co-morbid chronic diseases which commonly occur in HIV-infected patients, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, metabolic, and neurocognitive complications. Attention to these symptoms, quality of life issues, and psychosocial problems in long-surviving patients over many years will be increasingly important to support engagement with care and effective adherence with antiretroviral therapy over time. End-of-life care, while less frequent, also remains important, as patients may still die from AIDS, or even more commonly, from end-organ failure, non-AIDS defining malignancies, and/or other complications of ageing and chronic co-morbid disease. All these converging factors have now resulted in a new need for the re-integration of HIV care and palliative care, both to help HIV-infected patients live better and longer, as well as manage late-stage and end-of-life issues when they emerge.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.