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Interventional approaches for chronic pain 

Interventional approaches for chronic pain
Chapter:
Interventional approaches for chronic pain
Author(s):

Robert A. Swarm

, Menelaos Karanikolas

, Lesley K. Rao

, and Michael J. Cousins

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199656097.003.0098
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date: 07 May 2021

Severe, uncontrolled pain remains common in populations with serious or life-threatening illness. Despite the availability of oral opioid therapy in most developed countries, an estimated 10-30% of people with advanced cancer have inadequate pain control. Published guidelines endorse the view that these patients should be considered for procedural, or so-called interventional, pain therapies. Generally accepted indications for interventional pain therapies include (a) uncontrolled pain despite systemic analgesics and (b) unacceptable systemic analgesic adverse effects. This chapter describes these therapies and discusses how they are best used within a multimodal strategy for symptom management. Interventional pain therapies are now incorporated into best practices for cancer pain management. These therapies, especially spinal analgesics, neurolytic coeliac plexus block, and vertebroplasty, have become essential components of palliative care, to control pain that cannot be safely and effectively managed with systemic analgesics.

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