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Interventional radiology in the palliation of cancer 

Interventional radiology in the palliation of cancer
Chapter:
Interventional radiology in the palliation of cancer
Author(s):

Tarun Sabharwal

, Nicos I. Fotiadis

, and Andy Adam

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199656097.003.0126
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date: 07 May 2021

Over the past four decades, a variety of invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures have been developed by radiologists. The term ‘interventional radiology’ most appropriately refers to therapeutic procedures performed under imaging guidance. Interventional radiological procedures have virtually replaced several more invasive and hazardous surgical alternatives. Other interventional techniques offer completely new therapeutic options. Some diagnostic radiological procedures are frequently followed by therapeutic manoeuvres. Interventional radiology can make a significant contribution to the palliation of patients with irresectable malignant tumours, as many of the procedures can relieve symptoms without the need for general anaesthesia, a prolonged stay in hospital, or the discomfort associated with recovery from a surgical operation. The vast majority of procedures are performed using local anaesthesia and mild sedation. The emphasis in this chapter is on the indications, contraindications, and likely outcomes, rather than on detailed technical descriptions.

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