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The occipital lobes 

The occipital lobes
The occipital lobes

Geraint Rees

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date: 16 September 2021

Processing of visual information in order to guide perception and action depends on the occipital lobe in primates. This chapter provides a brief introduction to the structure and function of different visual areas within the occipital lobe in humans, and the consequences of damage to these areas for clinical syndromes. The retinotopic organization of early visual cortices is reviewed prior to an overview of areas later in the visual hierarchy whose responses show functional specialization for particular types of objects in a visual scene. The chapter concludes by reviewing some underlying principles of organization of the large numbers of visual areas that are now known to exist, and examining how individual differences in visual cortex structure and function can also inform our understanding of the healthy and damaged human visual system.

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