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The temporal lobes 

The temporal lobes
Chapter:
The temporal lobes
Author(s):

Morgan D. Barense

, Jason D. Warren

, Timothy J. Bussey

, and Lisa M. Saksida

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199655946.003.0004
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date: 30 May 2020

The temporal lobes are a region of cerebral cortex that lie anterior to the occipital lobes and inferior to the frontal and parietal lobes. Via three major neural pathways, the temporal lobes are known to be critical for memory, visual, and auditory perception, and integrating information across different modalities to derive meaning from the environment. Damage to these different temporal lobe pathways leads to varying degrees and types of amnesia, agnosia, and aphasia. These circuits are traditionally considered largely discontinuous, but a new model of temporal lobe function that integrates the pathways long thought to subserve memory and visual perception separately is considered here. This model, while still controversial, accounts for many of the deficits observed in human amnesia and suggests that the various cognitive functions ascribed to the temporal lobes (e.g. memory and perception) are far less anatomically segregated than previously appreciated.

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