Show Summary Details
Page of

CNS infections 

CNS infections
Chapter:
CNS infections
Author(s):

Sam Nightingale

, Benedict Daniel Michael

, and Tom Solomon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199655946.003.0023
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 30 May 2020

Central nervous system infections due to a variety of pathogens cause a wide spectrum of cognitive disorders from acute confusion to chronic dementing illnesses. They are important to recognize as in many cases they are readily treatable. Early recognition can prevent further cognitive decline, and in some cases established cognitive impairment can be reversed by treatment. Impairment in cognitive function may occur alongside other features of CNS infection such as fever, meningism, cranial neuropathy, and seizures. These may provide clues to an infectious aetiology, however in many cases these features are absent and investigation for CNS infections should not be limited to patients exhibiting these features. In this chapter, CNS pathogens are divided into those that cause acute CNS infection, those that cause cognitive disorders as a complication of subacute CNS infection, and those that cause dementia due to chronic CNS infection.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.