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Memory disorders 

Memory disorders
Chapter:
Memory disorders
Author(s):

Lara Harris

, Kate Humphreys

, Ellen M. Migo

, and Michael D. Kopelman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199655946.003.0013
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date: 28 May 2020

The neuropsychology of memory is important in clinical neurology because so many patients complain of memory problems, and memory disorders are frequently confounded by psychiatric, psychogenic, and wider cognitive problems. Understanding different memory disorders and the neuropsychology assessments available is crucial in order to tease apart impairments and give accurate diagnoses. This chapter outlines findings from neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience that have shaped memory theory. It describes the neuropsychological dissociations and clinical characteristics associated with different types of memory disorders, and illustrates descriptions using case vignettes. Finally, the evaluation of memory is discussed, describing the patterns of performance that indicate different types of memory disorders, and outlining the implications of testing memory in patient populations.

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