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Facial burns and inhalation injury 

Facial burns and inhalation injury
Chapter:
Facial burns and inhalation injury
Author(s):

Duncan Bootland

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199654093.003.0004
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date: 05 April 2020

The chapter provides an overview of the challenges facing the emergency physician dealing with a patient who is involved in a fire and may have facial burns and a potential airway problem. The chapter highlights the potential pitfalls in diagnosis of a potential airway burn.

It examines the evidence base for three clinical questions: who in a suspected inhalational injury requires intubation;which patients should a cyanide antidote be administered to; and which antidote should be used. The third clinical question discusses which patients with suspected carbon-monoxide poisoning require hyperbaric oxygen therapy.Fluid recommendations and inhalational therapies are discussed.

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