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The heart and cardiovascular disease 

The heart and cardiovascular disease
Chapter:
The heart and cardiovascular disease
Author(s):

T. Hugh Jones

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199651672.003.0012
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date: 27 October 2020

Male gender is a major cardiovascular risk factor which has not been adequately explained.

Low testosterone levels are associated with the presence and the degree of atherosclerosis.

Low testosterone levels are associated with several cardiovascular risk factors which include visceral obesity, insulin resistance, hyperglycaemia dyslipidaemia, hypertension endothelial dysfunction and a pro-inflammatory milieu....

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