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Peanut allergy and quality of life 

Peanut allergy and quality of life
Peanut allergy and quality of life

Audrey DunnGalvin

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date: 02 March 2021

Despite intense and increasing public and medical interest, the effect of peanut allergy on the quality of life of patients and their families has never been evaluated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of peanut allergy on quality of life and family relations experienced by peanut-allergic individuals and their families and to compare it with the impact of chronic rheumatological diseases. . . . This study compared children (defined as less than 18-year-old) and adult patients (18-45-year-old) with a confirmed diagnosis of peanut allergy to those with a confirmed diagnosis of a rheumatological disease. Adult patients in both groups completed self-reported questionnaires on the impact of their condition on their quality of life and family relations. For children, the parent or guardian was asked to complete the questionnaires [a vertical visual analogue scale and the Impact on Family Questionnaire (IFQ)]. . . . One hundred and fifty-three peanut-allergic children were compared with 69 children with a rheumatological disease while 37 peanut-allergic adults were compared with 42 adults with a rheumatological disease. . . . The parents of peanut-allergic children believed that their children had difficulties in many areas. Their children had more impairment in their quality of life and their family experienced more disruption in the familial/social dimension of family relations compared with parents of children with a rheumatological disease. In contrast to children, adults with peanut allergy have comparable disruption in their quality of life but less disruption in family relations compared to adult rheumatological patients.

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