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The development of organ donation systems and regulatory bodies in the United States 

The development of organ donation systems and regulatory bodies in the United States
Chapter:
The development of organ donation systems and regulatory bodies in the United States
Author(s):

Nikole Neidlinger

, Sean Van Slyck

, and Daniel M. Bruggebrew

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199651429.003.0002
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date: 24 August 2019

The most important points to be defined by a transplantation law were identified immediately after the first transplantation of cadaveric organs and these points have remained essentially unaltered in the intervening years: (1) establishment of brain death as the scientific equivalent of ‘classical’ death; (2) the necessity to establish the diagnosis of brain death by a team of physicians that is independent of the transplant team; (3) respect for the wishes of the deceased concerning consent to donate; (4) guarantee that the donation is altruistic, in order to prohibit commercialization; (5) guaranteed donor anonymity; and (6) use of medical criteria for the distribution of available organs amongst those on the wait-list.

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