Show Summary Details
Page of

Menopause and HRT 

Menopause and HRT
Menopause and HRT

Sambit Mukhopadhyay

, Edward Morris

, and Sabaratnam Arulkumaran

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 June 2021

Menopause is defined as the last menstrual period and is confirmed 12 months after the final menstruation. It is physiological, signifying the cessation of ovulation, falling serum oestradiol concentrations, and termination of reproductive capacity. This chapter covers epidemiology and pathophysiology. It also covers clinical management, and both non-hormonal and hormonal therapies.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.