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Menopause and HRT 

Menopause and HRT
Chapter:
Menopause and HRT
Author(s):

Sambit Mukhopadhyay

, Edward Morris

, and Sabaratnam Arulkumaran

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199651399.003.0073
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date: 28 November 2020

Menopause is defined as the last menstrual period and is confirmed 12 months after the final menstruation. It is physiological, signifying the cessation of ovulation, falling serum oestradiol concentrations, and termination of reproductive capacity. This chapter covers epidemiology and pathophysiology. It also covers clinical management, and both non-hormonal and hormonal therapies.

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