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Abnormal cervical smears 

Abnormal cervical smears
Abnormal cervical smears

Sambit Mukhopadhyay

, Edward Morris

, and Sabaratnam Arulkumaran

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date: 02 August 2021

In England, women between the ages of 25 and 64 years are invited to attend for cervical screening. The frequency of screening intervals is every 3 years for women aged 25–49 years and every 5 years for women between the ages of 50 and 64 years. Cervical cytological screening aims to identify dyskaryotic cells arising from the transformation zone of the cervix. The conventional Papanicolaou method has recently been replaced by liquid-based cytology that has the advantage of using the same specimen for cytological and HPV testing. The chapter covers cervical cytology, and the management and follow-up of abnormal smears.

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