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Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome 

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
Chapter:
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
Author(s):

Stergios K. Doumouchtsis

, and S. Arulkumaran

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199651382.003.0014
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date: 19 August 2019

This chapter outlines ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), the most serious complication of ovulation induction. OHSS is characterized by massive cystic enlargement of the ovaries, an increase in vascular permeability, and a shift of fluid to the extravascular compartments (mainly the peritoneal cavity), with the formation of ascites. The management and prevention of OHSS is described in this chapter.

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