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Interventional cardiology for coronary heart disease 

Interventional cardiology for coronary heart disease
Chapter:
Interventional cardiology for coronary heart disease
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DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199651344.003.0008
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date: 27 May 2020

Interventional cardiology is concerned with a number of invasive diagnostic and interventional procedures including coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Coronary angiography is a definitive test to diagnose the presence of absence of coronary artery disease, in addition to nonatherosclerotic causes of stable angina, such as coronary artery spasm. PCI is a term that collectively describes a group of procedures that aim to restore or improve blood flow to the myocardium following a period of ischaemia or injury and includes: percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), intracoronary stenting, coronary atherectomy, and thrombectomy devices. The aim of this chapter is to provide a description, indications, and pre- and postprocedure care related to common diagnostic and interventional cardiology procedures. Sheath removal and vascular closure devices are also discussed.

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