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Cardiac investigations 

Cardiac investigations
Cardiac investigations
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date: 02 December 2020

There are numerous invasive and noninvasive tests used in the diagnosis of cardiac disease. Most of the tests are performed by specialist operators in suitably equipped laboratories. However, it is useful for nurses working with patients with suspected or diagnosed cardiac disease to have a broad understanding of the main diagnostic tests available. The aim of this chapter is to provide a description, indications, and specific nursing considerations for the most commonly used cardiac investigations including: exercise tolerance testing (ETT), ambulatory electrocardiography (AECG), tilt testing, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), and calcium computed tomography (CT) scoring.

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