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Congenital heart disease and inherited cardiac disorders 

Congenital heart disease and inherited cardiac disorders
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Congenital heart disease and inherited cardiac disorders
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DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199651344.003.0014
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date: 04 June 2020

‘Congenital heart disease’ is a term used to cover a wide range of cardiac conditions that result from an abnormality of cardiac structure or function present at birth. Most conditions are a result of the heart, its valves, or its vessels not being properly formed. Some congenital heart defects are diagnosed in utero or soon after birth, whereas others might not be noted until later in life when symptoms become troublesome. Defects can be simple (requiring little or no intervention), moderate (requiring episodic intervention), or complex (with serious outcomes that require lifelong treatment and follow-up). The majority of children with congenital heart disease are managed in specialist paediatric centres, and as more children with congenital heart disease survive into adulthood, services that cater for adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) have been developed. Most cardiac nurses working in the cardiac arena can be expected to care for adult patients with congenital heart disease at some time in their career. They might also care for patients who present for the first time in adulthood with inherited disorders that have significant cardiovascular problems. The focus of this chapter is to highlight some of the issues that ACHD patients might present with in cardiac areas that do not specialize in ACHD

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