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Congenital surgery 

Congenital surgery
Congenital surgery

Joanna Chikwe

, David Tom Cooke

, and Aaron Weiss

Page of

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date: 19 September 2020

Overview of congenital surgery 522

Morphology 524

Classification systems 526

Embryology of heart and lung 528

Cardiac embryology weeks 3–5 530

The fetal circulation 532

Circulation after birth 534

Preoperative management 536

Postoperative cardiac management 538

Low cardiac output 542

Postoperative fluid management 544

Postoperative considerations ...

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