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Psychological theories and biopsychosocial models in paediatric pain 

Psychological theories and biopsychosocial models in paediatric pain
Chapter:
Psychological theories and biopsychosocial models in paediatric pain
Author(s):

Rebecca Pillai Riddell

, Nicole M. Racine

, Kenneth D. Craig

, and Lauren Campbell

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199642656.003.0009
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date: 23 May 2019

The purpose of this chapter is to review existing biopsychosocial models of paediatric pain and to examine common key factors across different theoretical conceptualizations. Critical gaps in the empirical and theoretical literature are elucidated. In particular, lack of specific attention to developmental factors in biological, behavioural, and social functioning and the need for models that examine gaps in different types of pain responding (e.g. immediate acute pain response, acute pain responding in the context of chronic pain) are highlighted. Moreover, the need for comprehensive, conceptual models, representative of current knowledge, that readily generate specific hypotheses confirmable by experimentation are also discussed as ways of moving the field of paediatric pain forward, both conceptually and pragmatically.

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