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Sociodemographic disparities in paediatric pain management: relationships and predictors 

Sociodemographic disparities in paediatric pain management: relationships and predictors
Chapter:
Sociodemographic disparities in paediatric pain management: relationships and predictors
Author(s):

Miriam O. Ezenwa

and Anna Huguet

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199642656.003.0065
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date: 23 May 2019

The purpose of this chapter is to present a narrative review of research studies examining sociodemographic predictors of disparities in pain management in children and adolescents. Findings from this review are conflicting. In the majority of the studies, sociodemographic variables were not statistically significant predictors of disparities in pain management. However, some gaps remain. For the studies in which evidence of sociodemographic disparities exist, it is: (1) not clear whether the statistically significant sociodemographic disparities were also clinically meaningful and (2) in all of the studies reviewed, the goal was to determine predictors of disparities in pain management. Future studies need to focus on determining the clinical meaningfulness of other findings and systematically testing explanatory models for possible sociodemographic disparities in paediatric pain management. Adequately addressing these gaps will help to move forward the science of sociodemographic disparities in paediatric pain management.

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