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Sensory processing and neurophysiological evaluation in children 

Sensory processing and neurophysiological evaluation in children
Chapter:
Sensory processing and neurophysiological evaluation in children
Author(s):

Christiane Hermann

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199642656.003.0040
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date: 20 June 2019

Traditionally, pain in children is assessed by behavioural observation and by self-report with a focus on perceived pain intensity. In this chapter, more recently developed standardized psychophysical procedures to assess abnormalities in sensory and pain processing and non-invasive neurophysiological methods to unravel the neuronal mechanisms underlying the experience of pain are described and how they have been used for investigating paediatric pain. For both sensory and neurophysiological assessment methods, the underlying assumptions and theoretical underpinnings are outlined. Following a brief overview of commonly used measures and methods, methodological issues are addressed that need to be considered when planning to use such methods and when interpreting the obtained findings. Finally, empirical examples are reviewed that highlight the use of these techniques for addressing major research questions such as the development of pain processing and changes in sensory and pain processing associated with chronic paediatric pain.

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