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Chronic pain syndromes in childhood: one trunk, many branches 

Chronic pain syndromes in childhood: one trunk, many branches
Chronic pain syndromes in childhood: one trunk, many branches

Neil L. Schechter

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date: 24 July 2021

Although this volume is replete with detailed discussions about specific pain problems, the focus of this chapter is on a discussion of the commonalities in aetiology, associated symptoms, and treatment of many of the frequent chronic pain problems. We will explore in brief the data that demonstrates the co-occurrence of many of the common chronic pain problems in children and the epidemiological similarities that exist between affected individuals. Then we will review the concept of central sensitization and the physiological evidence that supports its presence in many of the functional pain problems. We will briefly review some of the symptoms associated with these entities (orthostatic intolerance, sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety, hypermobility, family distress). Finally, we will discuss briefly a general approach to these problems emphasizing the collection of specific information in the history and physical examination, the critically important presentation of the formulation to the family, and the treatment modalities that appear to be effective for many of these conditions. In-depth discussion of each of these pain problems is available in chapters specifically designated to review them in detail.

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