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Cardiothoracic surgery 

Cardiothoracic surgery
Cardiothoracic surgery

Anil Agarwal

, Neil Borley

, and Greg McLatchie

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date: 18 August 2019

This chapter on cardiothoracic surgery describes cardiac operations such as coronary artery bypass grafting, aortic and mitral valve replacement, atrial septal defect repair, and cardiac transplantation. Steps of sternotomy, saphenous vein harvest, and cardiopulmonary bypass are included. Thoracic operations described are intercostal drain insertion, thoracotomy, lung biopsy, pulmonary lobectomy, pneumonectomy, thymectomy, bullectomy, and pleurectomy. Rigid and flexible bronchoscopy are also described.

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