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Concepts and models 

Concepts and models
Chapter:
Concepts and models
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199608386.003.0002
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date: 25 February 2020

Chapter 2 introduces the theoretical concepts underlying different models of psychotherapy and describes in detail the key concepts, contributors, evidence base, and required training for each of the main therapeutic modalities most commonly encountered by medical psychotherapists in clinical practice in the UK. The therapies covered include the major modalities—psychoanalytic/psychodynamic, cognitive behavioural, systemic, and group therapies—in which all medical psychotherapists receive intensive training, as well as other modalities that have been developed from one or more of these traditions, often for the treatment of specific diagnostic categories such as depression or personality disorder. These include interpersonal therapy (IPT), cognitive analytic therapy (CAT), dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), psychodynamic interpersonal therapy (PIT), mentalization-based treatment (MBT), schema therapy, and mindfulness-based interventions. There are also separate sections on therapeutic communities, art psychotherapy, dramatherapy, music therapy, and counselling.

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