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Congenital abnormalities 

Congenital abnormalities
Chapter:
Congenital abnormalities
Author(s):

Lesley Rees

, Paul A. Brogan

, Detlef Bockenhauer

, and Nicholas J.A. Webb

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199601370.003.0035
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date: 14 October 2019

Antenatal diagnosis of structural renal abnormalities 50

Renal agenesis 56

Horseshoe kidney, renal ectopia, and duplex kidneys 58

The multicystic dysplastic kidney 60

Pelviureteric junction abnormalities 62

Megaureter 66

Posterior urethral valves 68

Urogenital sinus and cloacal abnormalities 71

Absent abdominal musculature syndrome 72

Before antenatal ultrasound (US) scanning became routine, few congenital malformations of the kidneys and urinary tract were diagnosed until they caused symptoms in infancy, childhood, or occasionally adult life. Now the great majority are identified ...

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