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date: 06 July 2022

Approximately 20 million strokes occur in the world each year and over one-quarter of these are fatal. This makes stroke the second most common cause of death, after ischaemic heart disease, and strokes are responsible for 6 million deaths (almost 10% of all deaths) annually. Stroke has major consequences in terms of residual physical disability, depression, dementia, epilepsy, and carer burden. Moreover, around 20% of survivors experience a further stroke or serious vascular event within a few years of the index event. The economic and societal costs of stroke are enormous. With ongoing demographic changes, including the ageing and urbanization of populations, and persistence of highly prevalent risk factors related to adverse lifestyles, the global burden of disease related to stroke is predicted to rise substantially by 2030.

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