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date: 06 July 2022

Trauma remains the most common cause of death for all individuals between the ages of 1 and 44 years, and is the third most common cause of death regardless of age. It is also the leading cause of years of productive life lost. However, death rate underestimates the magnitude of the societal toll. Organized trauma systems have improved mortality by providing timely and expert care to severely-injured patients. Patient management consists of rapid primary survey, which should focus on the identification and simultaneous treatment of immediately life-threatening injuries. A classical ABC (airway, breathing, circulation) approach is recommended and is best carried out by a trained and practiced trauma team. The primary survey is followed by a more detailed examination, the secondary survey, which consists of a head-to-toe examination to identify all specific injuries. The secondary survey should be followed by investigation and definitive care.

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