Show Summary Details
Page of

Assessment of traumatic brain injury 

Assessment of traumatic brain injury
Assessment of traumatic brain injury

Peter J. D. Andrews

and Jonathan K. J. Rhodes

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 May 2022

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for the majority of traumatic deaths and most disability due to trauma in people aged less than 40 years old. Current trends suggest this burden of disease will increase dramatically over the next 20 years. Successful management of patients after traumatic brain injury requires recognition of patients at risk of deterioration, appropriate investigation, including imaging, and prevention of systemic and intracranial secondary injury processes. Unlike trauma affecting other body systems, outcome from TBI has not improved in the last 10–15 years. Assessment of a patient with traumatic brain injury includes clinical examination and diagnostic imaging both of which can be quantified or graded using scores such as the Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) and the Marshall score for grading cranial computed tomographic (CT) scans. Clinical examination and diagnostic imaging can both aid in prognostication (

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.