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Renal injury biomarkers in the critically ill 

Renal injury biomarkers in the critically ill
Chapter:
Renal injury biomarkers in the critically ill
Author(s):

John R. Prowle

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199600830.003.0302
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date: 01 December 2020

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of critical illness and its occurrence has been independently associated with both short- and longer-term morbidity and mortality. However, conventional diagnosis of AKI, based on rises in serum creatinine, can be delayed and inaccurate, particularly in the context of critical illness. These diagnostic limitations potentially prevent timely intervention and appropriate follow-up of patients experiencing AKI. Recently, a number of novel urinary and serum biomarkers of AKI have been described that may provide earlier and more precise diagnosis. Importantly, a number of these substances are biologically-linked to the pathophysiology of acute tubular injury. However, true validation and widespread clinical uptake of these biomarkers is likely to require demonstration of improved patients’ outcomes as a consequence of biomarker-driven clinical interventions.

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