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Innate immunity and the inflammatory cascade 

Innate immunity and the inflammatory cascade
Innate immunity and the inflammatory cascade

Marianna Parlato

and Jean-Marc Cavaillon

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date: 01 July 2022

Inflammation results from a complex interaction between a large number of mediators able to induce each other and to favour the generation of other inflammatory molecules (e.g. free radicals, lipid mediators, and proteases). The perpetuation of inflammation by these cascades of mediators is favoured by their ability to induce coagulation, leukocyte recruitment, and cell and tissue alteration (apoptosis, necrosis, and barrier disruption). Other cascades of mediators occur to generate anti-inflammatory mediators favouring the healing process. A neuroendocrine loop and neuromediators from central and peripheral nervous system are also involved in the process, allowing a return to homeostasis.

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