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Disorders of sodium in the critically ill 

Disorders of sodium in the critically ill
Disorders of sodium in the critically ill

Howard L. Corwin

and John K. McIlwaine

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date: 05 July 2022

Disorders of plasma sodium concentration, hyponatraemia and hypernatraemia, are among the most common clinical problems observed in the critically ill. These disorders are often asymptomatic, although in some patients they may result in symptoms ranging in severity from minor to life threatening. Treatment of is primarily dependent on symptoms, although the acuteness of the disorder is also a consideration. The approach to the treatment of these disorders in individual patients involves balancing the risk of treatment versus the risk the disorder itself. More severe symptoms tend to occur with acute presentations, while too rapid correction can lead to complications.

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