Show Summary Details
Page of

Management of non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage in the critically ill 

Management of non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage in the critically ill
Chapter:
Management of non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage in the critically ill
Author(s):

Chethan P. Venkatasubba Rao

and Jose Ignacio Suarez

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199600830.003.0239
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 February 2020

Non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage (ntSAH) is a complex disease affecting multiple systems and the hospital course of affected patients can be variable. ntSAH is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with the causes of early deaths being either rebleeding or hydrocephalus. The risk of rebleeding is reduced by immediate control of arterial blood pressure and early securing of ruptured aneurysms by either endovascular coiling or surgical clipping. Ongoing management focuses on prevention, detection, and management of delayed neurological deficits. Current recommendations include prophylactic use of nimodipine, maintenance of hypertension and euvolaemia or hypervolaemia, and endovascular treatment of vasospasm that fails to respond to medical therapy. Systemic complications following ntSAH include myocardial injury, acute lung injury, venous and pulmonary thromboembolism, fluid and electrolyte abnormalities, and severe sepsis. Each of these complications should be treated on its merits. Due to the complexity of management patients with ntSAH should be treated in a critical care environment by a collaborative team of neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists, neurologists and intensivists.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.