Show Summary Details
Page of

Diagnosis and assessment of stroke 

Diagnosis and assessment of stroke
Diagnosis and assessment of stroke

Candice Delcourt

and Craig Anderson

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 July 2022

Approximately 20 million strokes occur in the world each year and over one-quarter of these are fatal. This makes stroke the second most common cause of death, after ischaemic heart disease, and strokes are responsible for 6 million deaths (almost 10% of all deaths) annually. Stroke has major consequences in terms of residual physical disability, depression, dementia, epilepsy, and carer burden. Moreover, around 20% of survivors experience a further stroke or serious vascular event within a few years of the index event. Ischaemic stroke contributes the greatest share of the impact of stroke, with a rate of approximately 1 in 1000 person-years and accounting for between 60% (in Asia) and 90% (in Western ‘white’ populations) of all strokes around the world. Diagnosis and assessment are essentially clinical and confirmed by CT or MRI scanning. Prognostication is difficult in the early phase of haemorrhagic stroke and in ischaemic stroke is affected by the availability and timely use of treatments to recanalize the occluded vessel.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.