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Diagnosis and management of pulmonary hypertension 

Diagnosis and management of pulmonary hypertension
Chapter:
Diagnosis and management of pulmonary hypertension
Author(s):

Philip Marino

and Laura Price

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199600830.003.0169
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date: 24 September 2021

The diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and associated right ventricular (RV) dysfunction or failure in the setting of critical illness relies on the use of non-invasive tools including echocardiography, and in some cases invasive haemodynamic monitoring. The management for PH and RV failure in the ICU may be challenging, and is dependent on local expertise and drug availability.Systemic vasoactive agents and pulmonary vasodilators play an important role. Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, pulmonary embolism or chronic thromboembolic PH should be anticoagulated; those with haemodynamically unstable PE may require thrombolysis.The characteristics of individual agents must be considered and monitored carefully.Few clinical studies or ICU-specific guidelines exist. Surgical options exist for patients with PH and RV failure. This chapter reviews the diagnostic and management strategies of PH and RV failure in the ICU setting.

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