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Therapeutic strategy in valvular problems 

Therapeutic strategy in valvular problems
Therapeutic strategy in valvular problems

Jason F. Deen

and Karen K. Stout

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date: 06 July 2022

Valvular heart disease constitutes considerable disease burden in the elderly and surgery remains the definitive treatment. Most valve dysfunction is chronic in nature and may not meet sufficient criteria for surgical consideration; however, additional stressors such as hypovolaemia, arrhythmia, or infection may lead to cardiovascular symptoms and haemodynamic compromise, necessitating intensive care unit management. Acute valve dysfunction is typically a surgical emergency, and medical therapy is selectively used to bridge to more definitive therapy. Some situations, such as mitral stenosis, may be effectively medically managed to delay a surgical procedure, but the majority of acute valve dysfunction that requires intensive care will eventually come to surgery.

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