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Pathophysiology and causes of cardiac failure 

Pathophysiology and causes of cardiac failure
Pathophysiology and causes of cardiac failure

Alexandre Mebazaa

and Mervyn Singer

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date: 01 July 2022

Organ congestion upstream of the dysfunctional left and/or right ventricle, with preserved stroke volume, is the most frequkeywordent feature of myocardial failure.Clinical manifestations do not necessarily correlate with the degree of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (i.e. left ventricular ejection fraction).Systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction may be present, with systolic dysfunction usually predominating.Pulmonary oedema is related to left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Compensatory mechanisms (within the heart and/or periphery) may prove paradoxically disadvantageous on ventricular stroke work and stroke volume.

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