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Clinical assessment of the chronic kidney disease patient 

Clinical assessment of the chronic kidney disease patient
Clinical assessment of the chronic kidney disease patient

Althea Mahon

, Karen Jenkins

, and Lisa Burnapp

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date: 09 March 2021

Undertaking a clinical assessment

Measuring kidney function




Urinary investigations

Urine tests

Diagnostic imaging

Kidney biopsy

Further reading

Many patients with kidney disease will be asymptomatic and may have been referred solely on account of a decreased estimated GFR (eGFR), proteinuria, haematuria, or uncontrolled hypertension. Those patients with an AKI or late stage 4/5 CKD will be referred as urgent cases. CKD and AKI require a thorough clinical evaluation in order to assess, diagnose, and treat the underlying condition effectively. It is important to have a good knowledge and understanding of the relevant available investigations in order to provide effective support and patient education and to be able to effectively manage the kidney patient....

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