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Transplantation: supply and demand 

Transplantation: supply and demand
Chapter:
Transplantation: supply and demand
Author(s):

Althea Mahon

, Karen Jenkins

, and Lisa Burnapp

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199600533.003.0013
Page of

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date: 27 September 2020

Introduction

Legal framework (UK)

Ethics of organ donation and transplantation

Sources of organs

Procurement

Allocation of organs

Further reading

Useful websites

Transplantation (Tx) is the treatment of choice for suitable patients with end stage kidney disease (ESKD) and the only option for renal replacement therapy (RRT) that avoids dialysis. The first successful kidney transplant was performed in Boston, USA in 1954 between identical twins and the first deceased donor (DD) transplant in the UK was in 1960. Since then, advances in clinical practice have improved outcomes, benefiting thousands of patients. Activity is limited by the availability of suitable organs. All UK transplant activity is monitored and recorded by the Directorate of Organ Donation and Transplantation (ODT) at NHS Blood and Transplant (NHSBT). The National Transplant Database provides up-to-date statistics on all aspects of organ donation and Tx....

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