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Renal pathophysiology 

Renal pathophysiology
Chapter:
Renal pathophysiology
Author(s):

Althea Mahon

, Karen Jenkins

, and Lisa Burnapp

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199600533.003.0001
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date: 27 September 2020

Introduction

Nephrotic syndrome

Acute nephritic syndrome

Primary glomerular diseases/disorders

Non-proliferative glomerulonephritis

Proliferative glomerulonephritis

Immunoglobulin A nephropathy

Secondary glomerular diseases/disorders

Renal parenchymal disease/tubular and interstitial disease

Cystic diseases

Renal vasculitis

Renal vascular disease

Systemic disease

Common urinary conditions

Further reading

The aetiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is multifactorial; the prevalence and causes vary with ethnicity, geographical, and socio-economic factors. The prevalence of CKD stages 3–5 in the UK is 4.1% with a ♀ to ♂ ratio of 1:1.5....

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