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Pericardial disease 

Pericardial disease
Chapter:
Pericardial disease
Author(s):

Bernard Cosyns

and Bernard Paelinck

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199599639.003.0021
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date: 22 August 2019

The ability of ultrasound to elucidate the functional and structural abnormalities of pericardial disease is powerful. Due to multimodality imaging possibilities and to its portability, echocardiography is the technique of choice for the diagnosis of pericardial disease. Although other non-invasive technologies have been developed to provide information about the pericardium, echocardiography remains the first and often only diagnostic method needed to make a definitive diagnosis and guide appropriate treatment in patients with pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, or constrictive pericarditis. It allows differential diagnosis with restrictive cardiomyopathy and can easily be performed for guiding pericardiocentesis.

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