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Three dimensional echocardiography 

Three dimensional echocardiography
Chapter:
Three dimensional echocardiography
Author(s):

M. Monaghan

and S. Adhya

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199599639.003.0003
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date: 22 August 2019

Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography allows the real-time acquisition of volumes containing entire cardiac structures. The analysis of 3D volumes does not require any assumptions as to the shape of structures.

3D echocardiography is more accurate than two-dimensional (2D) in the assessment of left ventricular (LV) volumes, mass, and function, and is comparable to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. This makes it an ideal modality for measuring LV function particularly when this will determine significant interventions such as implanting of cardioverter/defibrillators, biventricular pacing, and the commencement and continuation of cancer chemotherapy. 3D echocardiography makes it easy to visualize valves and define pathological mechanisms. 3D assessment of dyssynchrony, myocardial strain, and stress imaging are attractive.

However, 3D echocardiography is limited by the need for specialist software and lower spatial and temporal resolution when compared to 2D echocardiography.

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