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Laparoscopic surgery 

Laparoscopic surgery
Chapter:
Laparoscopic surgery
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199595587.003.0010
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date: 05 May 2021

Introduction to laparoscopic surgery 280

Explaining laparoscopic surgery to patients 281

Advantages of laparoscopic surgery 282

Complications of laparoscopic surgery 283

New techniques in laparoscopic surgery 284

Laparoscopic surgery is a minimal-access surgical technique that involves insufflation of the abdominal cavity with carbon dioxide to allow diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominal pathologies. The first published laparoscopic procedure in humans dates back to 1910 and is credited to Hans Christian Jacobaeus (Stockholm, Sweden). Since that initial procedure, laparoscopic surgery encountered many controversies before being accepted as a safe alternative to traditional open techniques. The introduction of gas insufflation, improvement of optics, and development of laparoscopic instruments have been key to the modernization of the technique....

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